Table 1. Determining research benefits for study participants and/or communities involved in research
Consulting the community to negotiate research benefitsSteps and considerations
Which community?Identify the community according to community characteristicsIdentify degree of community involvement in researchStudy the chosen community with regard to sociocultural structure and political/traditional leadership
Which community representatives?Identify legitimate representatives of the community, and do not reinforce existing inequitable structures and relationships, such as gender inequities
How to negotiate?Provide information about the researchAssess risks, burdens and benefits for individual participants, the community and sponsorsProvide information about previous benefit agreementsProvide support for negotiationsRecognize that benefit negotiations are dynamic
What comes next?Make benefit agreements publicly available