Table 1. Distribution of the top 100 European biotech companies
CountryNo. of high‐tech companies+Population (millions)Gross domestic expenditure on R&D in 2000 (% of GDP)*
Sweden98.93.78
Finland55.23.76
Switzerland57.52.64
UK3259.71.86
Italy358.11.04
France1059.12.13
Germany1281.92.52
Austria18.11.86
  • + Europe's Elite, Tornado Insider, Summer 2002, 34, 34–65.

  • * GERD (Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D)—as a percentage of GDP. Eurostat‐online, Free Data, General Statistics (http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat).